• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Gentiana verna

spring gentian

  • Other common names spring gentian
    Lucy of Teesdale

  • Family Gentianaceae

  • Genus Gentiana can be annuals, biennials, herbaceous or evergreen perennials, mostly with showy, trumpet or salver-shaped flowers

  • Details G. verna is a diminutive evergreen perennial slowly forming a mat of narrowly ovate leaves, with solitary, erect, deep sky-blue flowers with white throats, opening in late spring and early summer

  • Plant range Europe


  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Mat forming

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Loam


  • Sand


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Loam, Sand

  • pHAlkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height Up to 10 cm

  • Ultimate spread 0-0.1 metre

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in light, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil in plenty of sun

Propagation Propagate by seed in containers in an open frame as soon as seed is ripe. Propagate by division or root offsets in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Garden Edging Patio & Container Plants Rock Garden Gravel Garden

How to care

Pruning No pruning required

Pests Slugs and snails may be a problem outdoors. Under glass, watch out for aphids and glasshouse red spider mite

Diseases Gentian rust may be a problem and various soil fungi may cause stem rots

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