• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Pinus mugo Pumilio Group

dwarf mountain pine Pumilio Group

dwarf mountain pine Pumilio Group

© RHS

  • Other common names dwarf mountain pine Pumilio Group

  • Family Pinaceae

  • Genus Pinus can be shrubs or large, evergreen trees, some species with attractive bark, developing an irregular outline with age and bearing long needle-like leaves in bundles of 2, 3 or 5; conspicuous cones may fall or remain on the tree for years

  • Details Pumilio Group are spreading, low, bushy evergreen conifers making small shrubs with dark green needles to 4cm long, and small, ovoid, brown cones

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilLoam, Chalk, Clay, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 2.5-4 metres

  • Ultimate spread 4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height more than 50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in any well-drained soil. Looks good in a large rock garden

Propagation Propagate by grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning No pruning required

Pests May be attacked by adelgids, aphids, sawflies/sawfly and pine shoot moth

Diseases May be subject to pine needle cast

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