• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Corylus avellana (F)

hazel

  • Other common names hazel
    cobnut

    common filbert
    European hazelnut
    hale nut
    hazelnut
    stock nut
    wood nut

    see more
  • Synonyms Corylus avellana cobnut

  • Family Betulaceae

  • Genus Corylus are deciduous trees and large shrubs with broad leaves, and showy male catkins in early spring, followed by edible nuts

  • Details C. avellana is a large, spreading deciduous shrub or small tree, with rounded leaves turning yellow in autumn, and yellow male catkins in early spring, followed by edible nuts in autumn

  • Plant range Europe, W Asia, N Africa

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Spreading / Branched

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Chalk, Sand

  • pHAlkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread 4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grows well in chalky soil in sun or partial shade

Propagation Propagate by seed or layer

Suggested planting locations and garden types Hedging & Screens Low Maintenance Cottage & Informal Garden Wildflower meadow Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 7

Pests Can get caterpillars, gall mites, aphids and sawflies; squirrels eat the nuts

Diseases Generally disease free

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