• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Bergenia 'Ballawley' clonal

elephant's ears 'Ballawley'

elephant's ears 'Ballawley'

© RHS 1999

  • Other common names elephant's ears 'Ballawley'

  • Synonyms Bergenia purpurascens 'Ballawley'
    Bergenia 'Delbees'

  • Family Saxifragaceae

  • Genus Bergenia are evergreen rhizomatous perennials with leathery, rounded leaves and dense, erect clusters of bell-shaped pink or white flowers in spring

  • Details 'Ballawley' is a rhizomatous perennial with rounded, glossy evergreen leaves tinged bronze in winter, and spikes of bright crimson flowers on erect reddish stems to 60cm in mid and late spring

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Clump-forming

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Clay

    Clay

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Chalk, Loam, Clay

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Best grown in moist but well-drained, humus-rich soil in sun or partial shade. Dislikes hot, dry conditions but tolerates poor soil and exposed sites

Propagation Propagate by division or root rhizomes sections in autumn or spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Low Maintenance Underplanting of Roses and Shrubs City & Courtyard Gardens Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Remove faded flower spikes

Pests May be attacked by slugs, snails, vine weevils and caterpillars

Diseases May be subject to leaf spot, also brown rot on rhizomes

Advertise here

Did you find the information you were looking for?

RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team.

Join the RHS now

Get involved

We're a UK charity established to share the best in gardening. We want to enrich everyone's life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.