• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Osmanthus heterophyllus

holly olive

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  • Other common names holly olive
    Chinese holly

    false holly

    see more
  • Synonyms Osmanthus ilicifolius
    Osmanthus aquifolium

  • Family Oleaceae

  • Genus Osmanthus can be evergreen shrubs or small trees with leathery, opposite leaves and small, usually fragrant, tubular white, yellow or orange flowers with 4 lobes, followed by ovoid blue-black fruits

  • Details A large, dense, evergreen shrub, ultimately reaching 5m, with holly-like, dark green, leathery leaves with spiny edges, especially on young plants. Small clusters of small, fragrant, tubular, white flowers appear in late summer to autumn, followed by blue-black berries

  • Plant range Japan & Taiwan

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Partial shade

  • Full sun

  • Aspect East-facing or North-facing or South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread 4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grows in most well-drained soils, in sun or semi-shade

Propagation Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Hedging & Screens Low Maintenance City & Courtyard Gardens Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 8

Pests Generally pest-free

Diseases Generally disease-free

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