• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Citrus × microcarpa (F)

calamondin

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
calamondin

© RHS

  • Other common names calamondin
    calamondin orange

    Panama orange
    Philippine lime

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  • Synonyms Citrus citrofortunella mitis
    Citrus madurensis Calamondin

    Citrus × microcarpa Philippine lime
    Citrus × mitis
    Citrus × mitis 'Calmondin'
    Citrus Calamondin
    × Citrofortunella microcarpa
    × Citrofortunella mitis
    × Citrofortunella mitis 'Calamondin'

    see more
  • Family Rutaceae

  • Genus Citrus are typically evergreen shrubs or trees, frequently spiny, with simple, leathery, aromatic leaves, usually with winged stalks, and often fragrant white or pink-tinged flowers, followed by large, juicy fruits

  • Details C. microcarpa is a bushy evergreen shrub to 4m tall, with elliptic, glossy rich green leaves and small, fragrant white flowers followed by spherical orange fruits 3-4cm across

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H3

Colour

Sunlight

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Loam

  • pHNeutral, Acid

Size

  • Ultimate height 2.5-4 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 5-10 years

How to grow

Cultivation Under glass, grow in loam-based potting compost (JI No.2) with added grit for drainage in full light, shaded from hot sun. Water freely in growth, mist daily and apply a balanced liquid fertiliser every 2-3 weeks. Once frosts have passed container grown citrus can be stood outside for the summer until autumn. Further citrus cultivation advice

Propagation Propagate by seed at 16°C in spring; seedlings do not come true to type. Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1; restrictive pruning under glass in winter or early spring

Pests May be prone to glasshouse red spider mite, glasshouse whitefly, scale insects and mealybugs under glass

Diseases Generally disease free

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