• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Chaenomeles japonica

Japanese quince

  • Other common names Japanese quince
    Maule's quince

  • Synonyms Cydonia japonica
    Cydonia maulei

    Chaenomeles maulei

    see more
  • Family Rosaceae

  • Genus Chaenomeles are deciduous, usually spiny shrubs with simple leaves and cup-shaped, 5-petalled flowers, solitary or clustered, in spring, followed by edible often fragrant green or yellow fruits

  • Details A spreading, deciduous thorny shrub to 1m in height, with rounded, glossy leaves, red-flushed when young. Clusters of red-orange, cup-shaped flowers are produced in spring, followed by yellow, scented fruit

  • Plant range Japan

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full sun

  • Partial shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 1-1.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1-1.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 5-10 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade; good trained against a wall. The fruits can be cooked to make quince jelly

Propagation Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Low Maintenance Wall-side Borders Cottage & Informal Garden Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 2, or pruning group 13 if wall-trained

Pests May be susceptible to brown scale and aphids

Diseases May be susceptible to fireblight and a canker

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