• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Prunus dulcis 'Macrocarpa' (F)

almond 'Macrocarpa'

almond 'Macrocarpa'

© RHS

  • Other common names almond 'Macrocarpa'

  • Family Rosaceae

  • Genus Prunus can be deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs with showy flowers in spring, and often good autumn foliage colour. Some have edible fruit in autumn, and a few species have ornamental bark

  • Details 'Macrocarpa' is a spreading deciduous tree with lance-shaped, dark green leaves up to 12cm long. Bowl-shaped, very pale pink or white flowers are produced on bare shoots in early spring, followed by velvety, pale green fruit containing edible nuts (almonds)

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Spreading / Branched

  • Toxicity

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand, Clay, Chalk

  • pHAcid, Neutral, Alkaline

Size

  • Ultimate height 4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread 4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moderately fertile soil in full sun

Propagation Propagate by chip budding or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1. Prune in mid-summer if silver leaf is a problem

Pests May get aphids, glasshouse red spider mite and scale insects

Diseases May be affected by bacterial canker, peach leaf curl and silver leaf

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