• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Ficus microcarpa 'Hawaii' (v)

curtain fig 'Hawaii'

curtain fig 'Hawaii'

© RHS 1999

  • Other common names curtain fig 'Hawaii'

  • Family Moraceae

  • Genus Ficus can be evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs or climbers, with often leathery, simple, entire or lobed leaves and tiny flowers borne within a hollow receptacle which enlarges to form the fruit

  • Details 'Hawaii' is an evergreen tree with grey-green, elliptic leaves to 10cm long, heavily mottled with white

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Toxicity Foliage may cause mild stomach upset if ingested. Sap may irritate the skin or aggravate allergies

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H1B

Colour

Sunlight

  • Partial Shade

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAlkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Under glass, grow in loam-based potting mix with added fine bark chippings, in filtered light. During growth water moderately and apply a high-nitrogen fertiliser every 4 weeks

Propagation Propagate by seed at 15-21°C (59-70°F) in spring. Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings or leaf-bud cuttings with bottom heat in spring or summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests scale insects, mealybugs, thrips and glasshouse red spider mite may occur

Diseases generally disease free

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