Hemispherical scale insects feed by sucking sap from the leaves and stems of various glasshouse plants. Scales are named for the waxy shell-like casing which covers most of their body. When mature, the females lay their eggs under the protection of this shell.
All hemispherical scales are female and reproduction is continuous throughout the year and entirely parthenogenetic. The eggs hatch into small active nymphs, known as crawlers, which wander over the plant surface until they find a suitable place to feed. They then become immobile and begin to produce their characteristic scale covering.
Infestations of scale insects are spread by the crawler stage, which may travel quite long distances before stopping to feed, and which can be spread by wind currents.