Join the RHS today and support our charitable work
Free personalised gardening advice
RHS members get reduced ticket prices
RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens
Free entry to RHS members at selected times »
Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops
020 3176 5800
Mon – Fri | 9am – 5pm
Help us achieve our goals
Join the RHS today and support our charity
We have combined these two powerful search tools into a single Find a Plant service searching over 250,000 plant records.
Virtually all of the features of the old searches are still available and in addition we have added several new features to create a more comprehensive and user friendly search experience.
When using this search
Search by plant name, key attributes or both to find plant details and a list of
AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:
This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects.
It is included in an evolving list of plants carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts. Divided into 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually.
© RHS 2002
the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9
Other common names
common elder acte
arn tree black elder boon tree boor tree bore tree bour tree bur tree elderberry European elder European elderberry pipe tree black elderberry
Sambucus can be herbaceous perennials, deciduous shrubs or small trees, with pinnate leaves and umbels or panicles of small creamy-white flowers followed by red, white or black berries
S. nigra is bushy large shrub or small tree to 6m, with pinnate leaves turning pale yellow in autumn, flat sprays of fragrant cream flowers in early summer followed by small black berries
Europe N Africa SW Asia
Toxicity All parts may cause discomfort if ingested although the berries can be edible if cooked
All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets
Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing
Exposure Exposed or Sheltered
MoistureMoist but well-drained
SoilChalk, Clay, Sand, Loam
pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral
Time to ultimate height
Easy to grow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soils and also thrives on extremely chalky sites
Propagate by softwood or hardwood cuttings
Suggested planting locations and garden types
Low Maintenance Hedging & Screens
Coastal Wildlife Gardens
Pruning Pruning group 1. Will tolerate hard pruning to restrict the size
Pests Can get blackfly and glasshouse red spider mite
May be subject to verticillium wilt
RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team.
We're a UK charity established to share the best in gardening. We want to enrich everyone's life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.