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Herbaceous Perennial

Viola riviniana

common dog violet

V. riviniana is a mat-forming rhizomatous perennial with ovate, heart-shaped leaves and violet flowers with a pale spur, in late spring and early summer

Other common names
dog violet
wood violet

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Size
Ultimate height
Up to 10cm
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Acid, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Purple Green
Summer Purple Green
Autumn Green
Winter Green
Position
  • Full shade
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or North–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H7
Botanical details
Family
Violaceae
Native to the UK
Yes
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Matforming
Genus

Viola can be annuals, biennials or deciduous or evergreen perennials, with simple or pinnately lobed leaves and 5-petalled flowers of characteristic shape

Name status

Correct

Plant range
Europe, N. Africa

How to grow

Cultivation

Excellent for wild or woodland garden. Grow in moist but well-drained soil

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Wildlife gardens
  • Wildflower meadow
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Low Maintenance
  • Flower borders and beds
  • Underplanting of roses and shrubs
Pruning

Deadhead to prolong flowering

Pests

May be attacked by slugs, snails, glasshouse red spider mite and violet gall midge

Diseases

May be affected by pansy leaf spot and powdery mildews

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