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Elaeagnus macrophylla

large-flowered oleaster

E. macrophylla is a vigorous, wide-spreading evergreen shrub, to 3m high and 5m wide, with spineless branches which are covered in silvery scales when young. Broad, rounded leaves, 5-12cm long, are intensely silvery when young because of the silvery scales on both sides which gradually wear off the upper surfaces so that they become glossy dark green. Clusters of small but extremely-fragrant, silvery-cream flowers in autumn are followed by edible, oval, red fruit in late spring or early summer

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Size
Ultimate height
2.5–4 metres
Time to ultimate height
5–10 years
Ultimate spread
4–8 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Grey Silver Brown Green Grey Silver Red
Summer Grey Silver Brown Green Grey Silver
Autumn Grey Silver Brown Cream Grey Silver Green Grey Silver
Winter Brown Green Grey Silver
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

North–facing or West–facing or South–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H5
Botanical details
Family
Elaeagnaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Elaeagnus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, often silvery-scaled leaves, and small fragrant tubular flowers borne in clusters in the leaf axils, and followed by small juicy fruit

Name status

Correct

Plant range
Korea Japan

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in full sun or partial shade; will thrive by the coast, and in any well-drained soil, including poor soil, except very shallow chalk

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown in a cold frame in autumn, by layering in spring, by semi-ripe cuttings in summer, or by grafting in late winter

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Coastal
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Low Maintenance
  • Hedging and screens
Pruning

Pruning group 1 or pruning group 9

Pests

May be affected by elaeagnus sucker

Diseases

May be affected by coral spot and a fungal leaf spot

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