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Annual BiennialHerbs - Culinary

Ocimum basilicum 'Pluto'
  • RHS AGM

basil 'Pluto'

'Pluto' is a bush-forming cultivar, producing small, even, dome-shaped plants to about 20cm, with fine mid-green leaves

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Size
Ultimate height
0.1–0.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
1–2 years
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green
Summer White Green
Autumn Green
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

West–facing or South–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H1C
Botanical details
Family
Lamiaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Ocimum can be aromatic annuals, evergreen perennials or shrubs with opposite, linear to broadly-ovate leaves and small tubular white or pinkish flowers in whorls forming a spike

Name status

Accepted

How to grow

Cultivation

Treat as an annual and grow in a light, well-drained, fertile soil in a sheltered position in full sun. Best grown containerised. May be grown as a short-lived sub-shrub if over-wintered under glass. Water freely in summer

Propagation

Propagate by seed sown in gentle heat in early spring or sown in-situ in summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Mediterranean climate plants
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Patio and container plants
Pruning

Pinch out flowerheads as they appear to ensure continued leaf growth. Cut back after flowering

Pests

Can get leafhoppers and aphids; slugs and snails may be problematic

Diseases

May be affected by powdery mildews

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