Very tall, evergreen, conifer tree, reaching height up to 25-35m in optimal conditions. Crown on young trees is narrowly conical, becoming more open, barrel-shaped on older trees. The common name of this Fir refers to the reddish-brown bark of mature specimens. Needle-like leaves are up to 3.5cm long, blue-green in colour, glossy above, with two pale, grey lines underneath. Needles are spirally arranged along the shoots, slightly twisted, bending upwards. Barrel-shaped, golden-green seed cones are 18 - 25 cm long, with concealed bracts.
Other common namesCalifornian red fir
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Ultimate heightHigher than 12 metres
Time to ultimate height20–50 years
Ultimate spread4–8 metres
MoistureMoist but well–drained
Colour & scent
|Spring||Green Grey Silver|
|Summer||Green Grey Silver||Gold Yellow Brown|
|Autumn||Green Grey Silver|
|Winter||Green Grey Silver|
- Full sun
East–facing or North–facing or South–facing or West–facing
ExposureExposed or Sheltered
- Native to the UK
- Columnar upright
Abies are evergreen conifers, often very tall, with whorled branches bearing flattened, linear leaves, often whitish beneath, and on the upper branches, large cones which break up whilst attached to the tree
- Name status
- Plant range
How to grow
Grows best in deep, slightly acidic, moist but well-drained soils in cooler climates.
Suggested planting locations and garden types
- City and courtyard gardens
No pruning required
Generally disease-free, but may be affected by honey fungus.
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