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Erica scoparia

besom heath

A bushy, upright shrub or small tree, with evergreen, needle-like, dark green leaves to around 2m (6.5ft) in height. In late spring and early summer, tiny, bell-shaped, green-brown flowers are borne in profusion at the stem ends. Releases clouds of pollen when in full bloom.

Size
Ultimate height
1.5–2.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
5–10 years
Ultimate spread
0.5–1 metres
Growing conditions
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Acid
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green Brown Green
Summer Green Brown Green
Autumn Green
Winter Green
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H5
Botanical details
Family
Ericaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Erica can be prostrate or erect, evergreen shrubs with fine, needle-like leaves in whorls, and racemes or panicles of small, bell-shaped or tubular flowers

Name status

Correct

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How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained, moderately fertile to poor soil in full sun. See also Hardy heathers cultivation.

Propagation

Propagate by semi-ripe cuttings in mid-to late autumn and by layering.

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Low Maintenance
  • Flower borders and beds
  • Hedging and screens
Pruning

See pruning group 8

Pests

Generally pest-free

Diseases

May be susceptible to Phytophthora root rot.

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