Not the plant you're looking for? Search over 300,000 plants
Annual Biennial

Viola arvensis

field pansy

An annual or biennial wildflower, with a basal rosette of spoon-shaped leaves with bluntly toothed edges. Flowers from spring through to late summer, with leafy, upright stems bearing small, creamy white flowers, around 1cm across, with a yellow mark flecked with purple on the lower petal

Join the RHS

Become an RHS Member today and save 25% on your first year

Join now
Buy this plant
Size
Ultimate height
0.1–0.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
1 year
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Cream White Yellow Purple Green
Summer Cream White Yellow Purple Green
Autumn
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H7
Botanical details
Family
Violaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Tufted
Genus

Viola can be annuals, biennials or deciduous or evergreen perennials, with simple or pinnately lobed leaves and 5-petalled flowers of characteristic shape

Name status

Correct

How to grow

Cultivation

Thrives in any well-drained soil in an open, sunny spot; often found in fields and on waste ground

Propagation

Propagate by seed, sown in situ in autumn or spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Wildflower meadow
  • Wildlife gardens
  • Banks and slopes
Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be susceptible to slugs, snails, aphids and violet leaf midges

Diseases

Generally disease-free, but may be susceptible to pansy leaf spot, powdery mildews, a rust and virus diseases

My Garden

Your free RHS gardening coach

Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully

My plants
My calendar

My plants

My calendar

My ideas
Manage membership

My ideas

My advice

Get involved

The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.