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Ilex aquifolium 'Pendula' (f)
  • RHS Plants for pollinators

An elegant slow-growing weeping evergreen tree to a height of 4m, with spiny dark green glossy leaves. Forms a dense canopy of weeping branches. Clusters of white flowers appear in spring and early summer, followed by red fruit if there is a male nearby for pollination

Size
Ultimate height
2.5–4 metres
Time to ultimate height
10–20 years
Ultimate spread
2.5–4 metres
Growing conditions
Loam
Sand
Clay
Chalk
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Neutral, Alkaline, Acid
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring White Green
Summer Green
Autumn Green Red
Winter Green
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing or North–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Sheltered or Exposed
Hardiness
H6
Botanical details
Family
Aquifoliaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Ilex can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs and trees with often spiny leaves, small white flowers (male and female usually on separate plants) and, on female plants, showy berries in autumn

Name status

Accepted

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How to grow

Cultivation

Grows best in moist but well-drained or well-drained, humus-rich, fertile soil in a sunny position

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings or by layering

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Architectural
  • Coastal
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Patio and container plants
  • Wildlife gardens
  • Low Maintenance
  • Flower borders and beds
Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

May be susceptible to aphids, scale insects and holly leaf miner

Diseases

May be susceptible to holly leaf blight or Phytophthora root diseases

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