• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Buxus balearica

Balearic box

  • Other common names Balearic box
    Balearic Islands box

    Balearic boxwood
    Minorca box
    giant box tree

    see more
  • Family Buxaceae

  • Genus Buxus can be evergreen shrubs or small trees, with simple, leathery, opposite leaves and clusters of small, pale yellow flowers followed by pale green to brown fruits

  • Details B. balearica is a small upright evergreen shrub with leathery, glossy green leaves to 4cm in length, and small clusters of yellowish flowers in spring

  • Plant range Balearic Islands & SW Spain

Characteristics

  • Foliage Evergreen

  • Habit Bushy

  • Toxicity Ingestion may cause stomach upset

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H4

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or East-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. See also box problems

Propagation Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Hedging & Screens City & Courtyard Gardens Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 8

Pests May be attacked by box sucker and glasshouse red spider mite

Diseases Susceptible to box blight

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