• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Ficaria verna 'Brazen Hussy'

lesser celandine 'Brazen Hussy'

lesser celandine 'Brazen Hussy'

© RHS 1999

  • Other common names lesser celandine 'Brazen Hussy'

  • Synonyms Ranunculus ficaria 'Brazen Hussy'

  • Family Ranunculaceae

  • Genus Ficaria is a relatively small genus of European herbs. It is closely related to buttercups (Ranunculus) and is sometimes included within that genus

  • Details 'Brazen Hussy' is a compact tuberous rooted perennial, dying down in summer. Glossy, heart-shaped, deep blackish-bronze leaves to 5cm long contrast with bright yellow flowers 3cm wide, in early spring


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Partial Shade

  • Full Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Loam


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height Up to 10 cm

  • Ultimate spread 0-0.1 metre

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in partial or full shade in moist, humus-rich soil

Propagation Divide, or detach basal bulbils in spring or autumn. Propagate by seed as soon as it is ripe, in a cold frame; cultivars will not come true from seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Garden Edging City & Courtyard Gardens Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden Rock Garden Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning None required

Pests Slugs, snails and aphids can be problematic

Diseases Powdery mildew can be a problem if the plants become stressed

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