Rocket

Rocket is an easy-to-grow crop that adds a lovely peppery flavour to salads. The younger leaves are milder, more tender and delicately flavoured. Older leaves can also be lightly cooked as a spinach substitute, added to sauces, stir-fried or sautéed in olive oil. The flowers are edible too. Rocket is rich in potassium and vitamin C and flourishes in a warm, sunny position.

Jobs to do now

  • Sow and thin out seedlings
  • Harvest
  • Water

Month by month

Sow

Rocket likes in a sunny site with rich, fertile, well-drained soil. It also grows well in containers.

Sow direct outdoors from April to early September, scattering the seeds thinly along a drill, 0.5–1cm (¼–½in) deep. If sowing several rows, space them 15cm (6in) apart.

For a continuous supply of leaves, sow small batches every two to three weeks.

Thin out the seedlings to 15cm (6in) apart when they’re large enough to handle, and use the thinnings in salads.

If you allow some plants to flower and produce seeds, they’ll self-sow to give you new plants without any effort.

For autumn and winter crops, sow in August and September in a cool greenhouse or under cloches or fleece.

Grow

Keep the soil moist, watering in dry spells, to ensure consistent growth and prevent plants running to seed (bolting) prematurely. However, take care not to overwater, as this can dilute the taste. 

Weed between the plants regularly.

It’s best to give rocket some shade in hot weather, to prevent the leaves becoming tough and unpalatable. Cover with fleece or make summer sowings in a spot that gets some light shade.

Harvesting

Rocket can provide pickings from early summer through autumn and into winter, if repeat sowings are made.

You can start harvesting the leaves from about four weeks after sowing. Regular picking keeps growth young, tender and tasty.

Pick a few leaves from each plant along the row. If you take lots of leaves from just one plant, you’ll weaken the growth.

As flower buds appear, pinch them out to prolong cropping, unless you want the plant to produce seeds. The flowers are edible and can be used as a garnish for salads.

Recommended Varieties

Common problems

Flea beetle
Flea beetle

Leaves are covered in small holes and damaged areas turn brown. Seedlings are particularly susceptible.

Remedy

Grow plants under horticultural fleece and keep the soil moist. Water in nitrogen-rich fertilser to help the crop outgrow the pest.

Bolting
Bolting

Plants flower and set seed prematurely.

Remedy

Unless growing for seed sow bolt-resistant varieties. Sow or plant at the correct time and keep the soil or compost moist.

Recipes

Use your home-grown rocket leaves in all kinds of salads, including this delicious combination: roasted squash, sheep’s cheese and hazelnut salad.

Get involved

The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.