• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Mespilus germanica (F)

common medlar

common medlar

© RHS 2002

  • Other common names common medlar
    Dutch medlar

    Minshull crab
    medlar

    see more
  • Family Rosaceae

  • Genus Mespilus is a small spreading deciduous tree or large shrub with large leaves colouring well in autumn, and white flowers followed by edible fruits

  • Details M. germanica is a spreading small tree or large shrub with oblong leaves turning yellow-brown in autumn, and white flowers 5cm in width in late spring, followed by brown fruit 5cm across.

  • Plant range Europe, Asia

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing or South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered or Exposed

Soil

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Clay, Sand, Chalk

  • pHAcid, Neutral, Alkaline

Size

  • Ultimate height 4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread 4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moderately fertile soil in full sun. Wait to collect fruit until after frost. For more details see medlar cultivation

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in a seedbed in autumn or chip budding in late summer or by grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests Aphids and caterpillars may be a problem

Diseases May be affected by brown rot and powdery mildews

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