• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Rudbeckia fulgida

black-eyed Susan

black-eyed Susan

© RHS

  • Other common names black-eyed Susan
    glowing coneflower

  • Family Asteraceae

  • Genus Rudbeckia may be annuals, biennials or rhizomatous herbaceous perennials, with simple or pinnately divided leaves and large daisy-like flower-heads with yellow or orange rays surrounding a prominent conical disk

  • Details R. fulgida is a rhizomatous perennial with hairy leaves and branching stems that carry flowers with deep-brown centres and warm-golden ray florets in mid to late summer and early autumn

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Clay

    Clay

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Loam, Clay

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 0.5-1 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.5-1 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Prefers a moisture retentive soil

Propagation Propagate by seed, or divide established plants in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Cut Flowers Flower borders and beds Cottage & Informal Garden Prairie Planting Wildflower meadow

How to care

Pruning Cut back in autumn

Pests May be susceptible to aphids

Diseases May be susceptible to powdery mildews

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