• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Angelica archangelica


  • Other common names angelica
    angel's fishing rod

    aunt Jericho
    ground ash
    Holy Ghost
    root of the Holy Ghost
    St Michael's flower

    see more
  • Synonyms Angelica officinalis

  • Family Apiaceae

  • Genus Angelica are large biennials or herbaceous perennials, some monocarpic, with pinnately or palmately divided leaves and small white or purple flowers in large umbels

  • Details A. archangelica is a robust upright perennial, sometimes monocarpic, with 2- to 3-pinnate leaves to 60cm in length, and rounded umbels of light yellow flowers in early summer

  • Plant range Eur., Asia, N Hemis.


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Foliage

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Clay


  • Loam


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained, Poorly-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 1-1.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in deep fertile soil, avoiding hot, dry positions. Staking may be needed in exposed sites. It is more likely to be perennial if prevented from setting seed. Can be very variable in size.

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in a cold frame with good light, as soon as ripe. Move seedlings when young as older plants resent disturbance

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Architectural Wildflower meadow Cottage & Informal Garden Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Cut back after flowering

Pests Susceptible when young to damage from slugs, snails, aphids and leaf miners

Diseases Susceptible to powdery mildews

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