• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Chaenomeles speciosa

Japanese quince

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  • Other common names Japanese quince

  • Synonyms Chaenomeles lagenaria
    Cydonia speciosa

  • Family Rosaceae

  • Genus Chaenomeles are deciduous, usually spiny shrubs with simple leaves and cup-shaped, 5-petalled flowers, solitary or clustered, in spring, followed by edible often fragrant green or yellow fruits

  • Details C. speciosa is a vigorous, wide-spreading deciduous shrub with tangled, spiny branches and glossy, oval, dark green leaves. In spring it bears small clusters of red, bowl-shaped flowers 4cm across, followed by green-yellow, sweetly-scented fruit resembling small apples

  • Plant range China

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Fruit

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 2.5-4 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 5-10 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade

Propagation Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Wall-side Borders Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 2

Pests Can get brown scale and aphids

Diseases Fireblight and a canker may be a problem

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