• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Hesperis matronalis

dame's violet

  • Other common names dame's violet
    close sciences

    damask violet
    dame's rocket
    dame's wort
    double rocket
    garden rocket
    night rocket
    night-scented violet
    night violet
    queen's gilliflower
    rogue's gilliflower
    summer lilac
    sweet rocket
    white rocket
    winter gilliflower

    see more
  • Synonyms Hesperis matronalis

  • Family Brassicaceae

  • Genus Hesperis are biennials and perennials with loose clusters of four-petalled, fragrant, purple, cream or white flowers

  • Details H. matronalis is a rosette-forming biennial, or short-lived perennial, with leafy stems growing to around 90cm. Loose clusters of white, or pale to mid-purple, scented flowers appear in late spring and early summer

  • Plant range Europe to Asia


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Clay


  • Loam


  • Sand


  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Loam, Sand

  • pHAlkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 0.5-1 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 1-2 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained neutral or alkaline soil in sun or semi-shade. Replace every two to three years as flowering diminishes with age

Propagation Propagate by seed sown in situ

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Coastal Cottage & Informal Garden Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Cut back after flowering

Pests Cabbage caterpillars, flea beetles, slugs and snails may be a problem

Diseases May be affected by a virus or powdery mildews

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