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Annual Biennial

Pisum sativum

garden pea

This is the wild pea plant from which all cultivated peas have been bred. It is a green-leaved annual, which climbs using tendrils. It has white, pink or mauve flowers which develop into pods containing 5-10 edible peas.

Size
Ultimate height
1.5–2.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
1 year
Ultimate spread
0.5–1 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green
Summer White Pink Purple Green Green
Autumn
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

East–facing or South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H2
Botanical details
Family
Fabaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Climbing
Name status

Correct

How to grow

Cultivation

Sow seed quite densely, in full sun in well-drained but moisture-retentive soil. Provide support such as twiggy hazel sticks or netting, them to climb up. Pick pods regularly to ensure a continuous crop. For more advice, see pea cultivation

Propagation

Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Edible fruit
Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be suceptible to pea moth, aphids, pea and bean weevil, pea thrips, pigeons, slugs and snails. Mice may eat newly-sown seeds

Diseases

Peas may be susceptible to Powdery mildews, and by downy mildews, foot and root rot, Fusarium wilt, grey moulds, pea leaf and pod spot, and virus diseases

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