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Carpinus caroliniana 'Sentinel Dries'

American hornbeam 'Sentinel Dries'

A medium sized deciduous tree with blue-grey bark and a densely-branched oval-shaped crown that can grow to approximately 6-8m (20-27ft) high. The foliage emerges reddish, becoming green in summer as it matures, before becoming a fiery orange red in autumn. The green, male and female catkins are produced separately on the same tree in April. The female flowers after fertilisation, develop into hop-like clusters in late summer to autumn, containing winged seeds which disperse on the wind when ripe

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Size
Ultimate height
4–8 metres
Time to ultimate height
10–20 years
Ultimate spread
2.5–4 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Poorly–drained, Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green Red Green
Summer Green
Autumn Orange Red
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H7
Botanical details
Family
Betulaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Carpinus are deciduous shrubs and trees with attractive foliage and hop-like fruit clusters in late summer and autumn

Name status

Unresolved

How to grow

Cultivation

Easy to grow in most soils after establishment including those which are wet, or poorly drained.

Propagation

Propagate by Softwood cuttings in spring and early summer or grafting

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Architectural
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Cottage and informal garden
Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

May be susceptible to caterpillars and aphids

Diseases

May be susceptible to powdery mildews, coral spot and sometimes honey fungus

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