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Chaenomeles speciosa
  • RHS Plants for pollinators

Japanese quince

C. speciosa is a vigorous, wide-spreading deciduous shrub with tangled, spiny branches and glossy, oval, dark green leaves. In spring it bears small clusters of red, bowl-shaped flowers 4cm across, followed by green-yellow, sweetly-scented fruit resembling small apples

Synonyms
Chaenomeles lagenaria
Cydonia speciosa

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Size
Ultimate height
1.5–2.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
5–10 years
Ultimate spread
2.5–4 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Red Green
Summer Green
Autumn Green Green Yellow
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or North–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H6
Botanical details
Family
Rosaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Chaenomeles are deciduous, usually spiny shrubs with simple leaves and cup-shaped, 5-petalled flowers, solitary or clustered, in spring, followed by edible often fragrant green or yellow fruits

Name status

Correct

Plant range
China

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in well-drained soil in sun or partial shade

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Low Maintenance
  • Wall side borders
Pruning

Pruning group 2

Pests

Can get brown scale and aphids

Diseases

Fireblight and a canker may be a problem

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