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Herbaceous PerennialHerbs - Culinary

Monarda didyma 'Grape Gumball'PBR (Sugar Buzz Series)
  • RHS Plants for pollinators

bergamot 'Grape Gumball'

A vigorous, clump-forming perennial with aromatic dark green leaves and strong upright stems producing globe-shaped clusters of magenta purple flowers throughout the summer. The leaves have a minty fragrance when crushed and can be used to make tea. Good resistance to powdery mildews

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Size
Ultimate height
0.5–1 metres
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
0.5–1 metres
Growing conditions
Loam
Moisture
Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green
Summer Purple Green
Autumn Green
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

East–facing or South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H5
Botanical details
Family
Lamiaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Clump forming
Genus

Monarda can be annuals or clump-forming herbaceous perennials with aromatic, ovate leaves and terminal whorls of 2-lipped, tubular flowers from summer to early autumn

Name status

Accepted

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in fertile, humus-rich, moisture-retentive but well-drained soil in full sun or partial shade. Protect from excessive winter wet and do not allow soil to dry out in summer

Propagation

Propagate by division in spring, before new growth begins, or by basal softwood cuttings in spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • City and courtyard gardens
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Prairie planting
  • Wildlife gardens
  • Flower borders and beds
Pruning

No pruning required, though deadheading may prolong flowering

Pests

May be susceptible to slugs, especially in the spring

Diseases

Monardas may be affected by powdery mildews, especially in hot, dry summers; This variety is said to be more mildew-resistant

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