• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Salix alba 'Tristis' ambig.

white willow 'Tristis'

white willow 'Tristis'

© RHS 2002

  • Other common names white willow 'Tristis'

  • Synonyms Salix alba 'Vitellina Pendula'
    Salix alba 'Vitellina Tristis'

    Salix vitellina 'Pendula'

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  • Family Salicaceae

  • Genus Salix are deciduous shrubs and trees of diverse habit, with simple leaves and tiny flowers in catkins, male and female usually on separate plants. Some are valued for their brightly coloured winter shoots, others for their foliage or showy male catkins

  • Details 'Tristis' is a fast-growing weeping willow with narrow leaves on slender yellow branches, and slim female catkins in early spring


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Pendulous/Weeping

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Aspect North-facing or East-facing or South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered or Exposed


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand, Clay

  • pHAcid, Neutral, Alkaline


  • Ultimate height Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread wider than 8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moderately fertile deep soil in full sun. Very fast growing

Propagation Propagate by softwood cuttings in early summer or hardwood cuttings in winter

Suggested planting locations and garden types Low Maintenance Hedging & Screens Coastal Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1. Can be hard pruned to rejuvenate or pollard

Pests Can get aphids, caterpillars, leaf beetles and sawflies

Diseases May be affected by willow anthracnose diseases and a rust

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