• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Malus domestica 'King of the Pippins' (D)

apple 'King of the Pippins'

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
apple 'King of the Pippins'

© RHS 1999

  • Other common names apple 'King of the Pippins'

  • Family Rosaceae

  • Genus Malus are small to medium-sized deciduous trees with showy flowers in spring and ornamental or edible fruit in autumn; some have good autumn foliage colour

  • Details

    ?King of the Pippins? is a culinary or dessert cultivar in pollination group 5. It is suitable for northerly, colder, higher rainfall areas, where it will grow with an upright habit and produce heavy, regular crops. Fruit are of medium size and are orange and red flushed over yellow. If well ripened they have a good flavour and when cooked, keep their shape and are flavoursome. Fruit keeps well and so the season of use runs from October through to December or longer

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Clay, Sand

  • pHNeutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread 4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 5-10 years

How to grow

Cultivation It will crop best in a sunny situation. The height will depend on the rootstock and training method. Suitable for all training forms. Keep a clear area around the trunk of at least 60cm radius. Fruit thinning may be required. For more details see apple cultivation

Propagation Propagate by chip budding or grafting onto a clonal rootstock for fruit. The rootstock used will largely determine the vigour of the tree

Suggested planting locations and garden types Wildlife Gardens Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Regular pruning is required - see apple pruning; spur bearing

Pests Aphids, woolly aphid, rosy apple aphid, fruit tree red spider mite, mussel scale, codling moth and caterpillars are the main pests on edible apples

Diseases Has some resistance to apple scab and powdery mildews. Can be affected by apple canker, blossom wilt and honey fungus

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