Leeks are a flavoursome winter vegetable that can be steamed or boiled, braised in a cheese sauce and used in soups and stews. Leeks are easy to grow, but need looking after – you need to sow them in containers or a separate part of the garden before moving them to their final position. Sow seed in spring, and you will be lifting leeks from autumn to late winter.

Growing leeks



For bumper crops you will need to improve the growing area by digging in plenty of compost or well-rotted manure in the autumn.

Leeks are best suited for growing in the open ground, but you could grow several in large, deep containers or raised beds.

Traditionally, leeks are sown into a seedbed, which is a site away from your main vegetable plot and transplanted later in the season. This is because sowing leeks at their final spacings in your main vegetable plot would take up a lot of room early in the growing season, when you could be growing fast-maturing crops such as lettuce. Sow seed thinly 1cm (½in) deep in rows 15cm (6in) apart in a seedbed in March and April.

If you don't have seedbed space or only want a few leeks, you can sow in modules, then transplant outdoors. Sow one seed per module.


To increase the length of white stem it can be blanched by gently drawing up dry soil around the stem in stages, but try not to allow soil to fall between the leaves.

Water during long, dry spells and weed regularly.

Common problems

Leek rust

Leek rust: This is a fungal disease causing bright yellow spots on the leaves. It is often worse in long, wet spells.

Remedy: Mild attacks of rust won’t harm the plant, but serious infections may cause leaves to shrivel and affect yield. There is no control for rust once you have the infection. Make sure you don’t crowd plants, as this increases humidity and increases the likelihood of infection. Dispose of any badly affected plant material, and don’t grow garlic, leeks or onions in the same spot for three years.

More info on Leek rust

Onion white rot

Onion white rot: A soil-borne fungus that can cause yellowing and wilting of the foliage above ground, while rotting the roots and invading the bulb beneath the soil. A white fluffy fungus appears on the base of the bulb and later becomes covered in small, round black structures.

Remedy: There is no chemical cure for onion white rot when it is the soil. It is important to avoid introduction to previously clean sites. It is transported in contaminated soil, for example on tools or on muddy footwear. Take particular care in areas where cross contamination can occur easily, for example on allotments.

More info on Onion white rot

Leek moth

Leek moth: This is a relatively new pest of leeks and onions and thought to be mainly concentrated around the south-east coast of the UK, although it has been found further inland and north. Caterpillars tunnel into the leaves, causing whitish-brown patches to develop on leaves. In severe cases, leaves may turn yellow and rotting occurs within them.

Remedy: Once you see the damage, there is nothing you can do to control it. Remove and destroy infected plants. When planting out, cover leeks with horticultural fleece (like Enviromesh) to prevent adult moths from laying eggs.

More info on Leek moth


Start lifting when the leeks are still quite small to ensure a long harvest period. Gently lift from the soil using a fork.

Leeks can remain in the ground through the winter until they are needed.


Anthony Worrall Thompson includes leeks in his Root vegetable gratin dauphinoise

Nigel Slater adds leeks to his Artichoke soup with ginger and walnuts


‘Carlton’ AGM:This is a top choice with seed that germinates and grows quickly. The stems are ready to harvest September to November.

‘Apollo’ AGM:A mid-season cultivar, ready to harvest in about December with blue-green leaves and good rust resistance.

‘Toledo’ AGM:This leek produces long stems with dark blue leaves and is a late season cultivar, ready to harvest late November to late February.

‘Pancho’ AGM:An early maturing cultivar with long, crisp white stems and good rust resistance.

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  • Continue to harvest leeks as needed

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