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Crataegus monogyna 'Ferox'
  • RHS Plants for pollinators

hawthorn 'Ferox'

'Ferox' is a large shrub or small tree, up to 8m high, with lobed leaves and creamy-white scented flowers in late spring or early summer, followed by red fruits in autumn. It differs from the species in having clusters of thorns at the stem nodes; vigorous juvenile shoots, particularly after hard pruning, can appear like lengths of barbed wire

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Size
Ultimate height
4–8 metres
Time to ultimate height
20–50 years
Ultimate spread
4–8 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Cream White Green
Summer Green
Autumn Yellow Green Red
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or North–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H7
Botanical details
Family
Rosaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Crataegus are deciduous trees and shrubs, usually with spiny branches, lobed or toothed leaves, and clusters of creamy-white flowers followed by red or black fruits. Some have fine autumn colour

Name status

Accepted

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in full sun or partial shade in well-drained, moisture-retentive soil. Once established, will tolerate drought and excessively moist soils; will also tolerate atmospheric pollution, exposure, and limey soils

Propagation

Propagate by grafting, using scion wood of the previous season's growth, onto rootstocks of Crataegus laevigata or C. monogyna

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Coastal
  • Wildlife gardens
  • Hedging and screens
Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

May be affected by aphids, woolly aphid, scale insects, mussel scale, fruit tree red spider mite, and caterpillars of winter moth, magpie moth, leopard moth, vapourer moth, grey dagger moth, small ermine moth, lackey moth, hawthorn webber moth and hawthorn button top midge

Diseases

May be affected by honey fungus, a canker, crown gall, fireblight, powdery mildews, silver leaf, and various spots, blotches or scorched leaves caused by fungi

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