• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Vaccinium myrtillus

common bilberry

  • Other common names common bilberry
    whortleberry

    blackberry
    blackheart
    blaeberry
    blueberry
    bullberries
    fragham
    frocken
    hartberries
    horts
    huckleberry
    hurtleberry
    whinberry
    whortle bilberry

    see more
  • Family Ericaceae

  • Genus Vaccinium can be evergreen or deciduous shrubs or small trees, with simple leaves and small, bell- or urn-shaped flowers followed by juicy, sometimes edible berries

  • Details V. myrtillus is a deciduous, suckering, usually prostrate shrub to 30cm high with dense, bright green, angular stems and ovate, glossy leaves that are often flushed red in autumn. Pendant, rounded to urn-shaped, pink flowers borne in the leaf axilsin late spring to early summer are followed by blue-black, edible berries

  • Plant range Europe to Asia

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H6

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect West-facing or South-facing or North-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained, Well-drained

  • SoilLoam, Sand

  • pHAcid

Size

  • Ultimate height 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.5-1 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 10-20 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in an acidic, peaty or sandy soil in full sun or partial shade

Propagation Propagate by seed or by semi-ripe cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types Ground Cover Banks and Slopes Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests Generally trouble free

Diseases Can be affected by powdery mildews. Chlorosis due to manganese and iron deficiencies may be a problem, see nutrient deficiencies

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