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Ilex aquifolium 'Ferox' (m)
  • RHS Plants for pollinators

hedgehog holly

'Ferox' is an open, evergreen shrub growing to 6m tall. Its small, oval leaves have a puckered upper surface and short, sharp spines cover the entire leaf

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Size
Ultimate height
4–8 metres
Time to ultimate height
20–50 years
Ultimate spread
2.5–4 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Clay
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Purple Green
Summer Green
Autumn Green
Winter Green
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

West–facing or East–facing or South–facing or North–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H6
Botanical details
Family
Aquifoliaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Genus

Ilex can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs and trees with often spiny leaves, small white flowers (male and female usually on separate plants) and, on female plants, showy berries in autumn

Name status

Accepted

How to grow

Cultivation

Easy to grow in a well-drained soil in a sunny position

Propagation

Propagate by semi-hardwood cuttings

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Coastal
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Banks and slopes
  • Hedging and screens
Pruning

Pruning group 1

Pests

Aphids, scale insects and holly leaf miner may be a problem

Diseases

May be affected by holly leaf blight

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