• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Crataegus laevigata

Midland hawthorn

Midland hawthorn

© � RHS 2003

  • Other common names Midland hawthorn

    bird eagles
    English hawthorn
    quickset thorn

    see more
  • Synonyms Crataegus oxyacantha misapplied
    Crataegus oxyacanthoides

  • Genus Crataegus are deciduous trees and shrubs, usually with spiny branches, lobed or toothed leaves, and clusters of creamy-white flowers followed by red or black fruits. Some have fine autumn colour

  • Family Rosaceae / Rosaceae

  • Details C. laevigata is a small thorny deciduous tree with glossy, pinnately lobed leaves, and corymbs of creamy-white flowers in late spring, followed by red fruit in early autumn

  • Plant range NW & C Europe


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Toxicity Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested



  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • Chalk


  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Sand, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height

    4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Useful specimen trees for town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging

Propagation Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types Hedging & Screens Cottage & Informal Garden Wildflower meadow Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests Prone to caterpillars, gall mites and aphids

Diseases May be affected by leaf spots and fireblight

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