• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Crataegus laevigata

Midland hawthorn

Midland hawthorn

© � RHS 2003

  • Other common names Midland hawthorn
    may

    albespyne
    bird eagles
    English hawthorn
    quickset thorn
    quickthorn
    whitethorn

    see more
  • Synonyms Crataegus oxyacantha misapplied
    Crataegus oxyacanthoides

  • Genus Crataegus are deciduous trees and shrubs, usually with spiny branches, lobed or toothed leaves, and clusters of creamy-white flowers followed by red or black fruits. Some have fine autumn colour

  • Family Rosaceae / Rosaceae

  • Details C. laevigata is a small thorny deciduous tree with glossy, pinnately lobed leaves, and corymbs of creamy-white flowers in late spring, followed by red fruit in early autumn

  • Plant range NW & C Europe

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Toxicity Fruit may cause mild stomach upset if ingested

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or North-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Sand, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    4-8 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    4-8 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    20-50 years

How to grow

Cultivation Useful specimen trees for town, coastal or exposed gardens. Can be used for hedging

Propagation Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types Hedging & Screens Cottage & Informal Garden Wildflower meadow Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 1

Pests Prone to caterpillars, gall mites and aphids

Diseases May be affected by leaf spots and fireblight

Advertise here

Did you find the information you were looking for?

RHS members can get exclusive individual advice from the RHS Gardening Advice team.

Join the RHS now