• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Foeniculum vulgare

common fennel

  • Other common names common fennel
    fennel

    fenkell
    finckle
    finkel
    Sabbath day posy

    see more
  • Family Apiaceae

  • Genus Foeniculum is a large biennial or perennial with aromatic, finely dissected leaves and umbels of small yellow flowers, followed by aromatic fruits

  • Details F. vulgare is a robust, upright, aromatic biennial or short-lived perennial, with 3- to 4-pinnate leaves with hair-like segments, and flat umbels of small yellow flowers in summer; both leaves and fruits are aniseed-scented

  • Plant range Europe

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Leaf

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Partial Shade

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Clay

    Clay

  • Sand

    Sand

  • Loam

    Loam

  • MoistureMoist but well-drained

  • SoilChalk, Clay, Sand, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height 1.5-2.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.1-0.5 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in moist, fertile soil. Can be invasive if flowers are allowed to set seed. If grown with the bronze form then they will readily hybridise, resulting in inferior plants

Propagation Propagate by seed

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds Cottage & Informal Garden Wildlife Gardens

How to care

Pruning No pruning required

Pests Can get aphids

Diseases Generally disease resistant

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