• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Vitis vinifera

grape vine

grape vine

© RHS

  • Other common names grape vine
    cultivated grape

    wine grape
    European grape

    see more
  • Family Vitaceae

  • Genus Vitis are vigorous deciduous climbing shrubs with tendrils and attractively lobed leaves, insignificant green flowers followed by often edible fruits; some have excellent autumn foliage colour

  • Details V. vinifera is a woody plant, climbing by tendrils, to 15-18m. Leaves are 3- or 5-lobed, coarsely toothed, 7.5-15cm long and wide, with stalks half as long as the blade. Flowers are tiny, greenish, in loose panicles, fruit oval or globose grapes. This species has many named cultivars, selected for fruiting, or for ornamental qualities as the leaves are variable in size, shape and colour

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Climbing

  • Toxicity Contact may irritate the skin

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)

    H5

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing

  • Exposure Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Loam

    Loam

  • Sand

    Sand

  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilChalk, Loam, Sand

  • pHAlkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height Higher than 12 metres

  • Ultimate spread 2.5-4 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in a deep well-drained soil with a pH of, ideally between 6.5 and 7.0. Plant between late autumn and early spring. If container grown, plant in late spring when the threat of frost has passed. Vines can be trained as cordons or using the guyot system. Mulch with well-rotted farmyard manure in the first years after planting

Propagation Propagate by hardwood cuttings or grafting onto Phylloxera resistant rootstocks

Suggested planting locations and garden types Wall-side Borders Cottage & Informal Garden

How to care

Pruning Grape pruning and training is carried out in winter and midsummer. Pruning group 11 or pruning group 12 for formal training

Pests May suffer from glasshouse red spider mite and brown scale; mealybugs are a problem under glass

Diseases May be affected by powdery mildews and grey moulds

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