• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Cichorium intybus


  • Other common names chicory
    blue sailors

    barbe de capucin
    blue dandelion
    coffee weed
    French endive

    see more
  • Family Asteraceae

  • Genus Cichorium can be annual or perennial plants with loosely branched stems bearing toothed or pinnately lobed leaves and dandelion-like, usually blue flowers which close by early afternoon, in summer

  • Details C. intybus has been a crop plant, the thick roots used to make a coffee substitute, and is sometimes seen naturalised. It is now mainly grown as a decorative plant. It has wiry, branching upright stems with numerous flowers distributed along the branches, growing tight to the stem. They open in sunlight, but close in wet weather. The common form is a clear sky blue, but white and pink are also available. Long flowering season throughout summer

  • Plant range W Euras., N Afr.


  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)




  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered


  • Chalk


  • Loam


  • Sand


  • MoistureWell-drained

  • SoilChalk, Loam, Sand

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral


  • Ultimate height 1-1.5 metres

  • Ultimate spread 0.5-1 metres

  • Time to ultimate height 1-2 years

How to grow

Cultivation Grow in fertile, well-drained soil in full sun

Propagation Propagate by seed, in containers in a cold frame in autumn or spring

Suggested planting locations and garden types Flower borders and beds City & Courtyard Gardens Cottage & Informal Garden Gravel Garden Coastal Rock Garden Mediterranean Climate Plants

How to care

Pruning None required

Pests slugs and snails can be problematic

Diseases Powdery mildews and rust diseases may occur

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