Non chemical control
Female mealybugs do not fly or crawl far, so infestations are usually brought in on an infested plant. Inspect new plants carefully before putting them in a greenhouse or conservatory and, where possible, keep them in quarantine for a month or so before adding new acquisitions to an existing collection.
Dead leaves and prunings should be removed from the greenhouse as these may have mealybugs or eggs on them.
It can be simpler to dispose of heavily infested plants rather than try to eliminate mealybugs.
A ladybird, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, can be released into greenhouses to control mealybugs. Note that the ladybird's larvae look like large mealybugs! Both the adult ladybirds and their larvae are able to find and eat mealybugs and their eggs in confined spaces on the plants. Parasitic wasps (Leptomastix spp.) are also available for use against this pest.
The ladybird and parasitic wasps need relatively high temperatures and so are only likely to be successful during May to September. They are susceptible to most insecticides and should therefore be used as an alternative, rather than in addition to chemical control. They are available by mail order from suppliers of biological controls.
Due partly to the waxy covering mealybugs are difficult to control with insecticides, affected plants should be sprayed thoroughly.
- The systemic insecticide, thiacloprid (e.g. Provado Ultimate Bug Killer ) can be used on ornamental plants and some listed edibles such as greenhouse-grown tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers and aubergines, but not other edible plants provided manufactures instructions on application and harvest interval are followed.
- The systemic insecticide acetamiprid (e.g. Bug Clear Ultra concentrate or Bug Clear Ultra Gun). can be used on ornamental plants only
- Contact action insecticides deltamethrin (e.g. Bayer Sprayday Greenfly Killer and Bayer Provado Ultimate Fruit & Vegetable Bug Killer) and lambda-cyhalothrin (e.g. Westland Resolva Bug Killer) can be used on ornamental plants and listed fruits and vegetables, provided manufactures instructions on application and harvest interval are followed.
- Growing Success Winter Wash or Vitax Winter Tree Wash (contain plant oils) can be used on peach and grape vines in December while they are fully dormant. Scrape loose bark off grape vines before treatment in order to expose hidden mealybugs. Spread newspaper under the vine to collect the bark scrapings for disposal
- Other organic treatments for use during the growing season include fatty acids (e.g. Bayer Organic bug free, Doff Greenfly and Blackfly Killer or Just Green Savona Concentrate) or plant oils or extracts (e.g. Organic 2-in-1 Pest and Disease Control or Bug Clear for Fruit & Veg). These organic pesticides have a contact action and short persistence and so may require more frequent use. They can be used on all edible plants
Pesticides for gardeners (Adobe Acrobat pdf document outlining pesticides available to gardeners)
Biological control suppliers (Adobe Acrobat pdf)