Lilac leaf mining moth
The caterpillars of lilac leaf mining moth feed within the leaves of lilac, privet and ash. This results in brown blotches on the leaves, the leaves then become rolled up from the tip.
Latin name: Caloptilia syringella
Plants affected: Lilac (Syringa), privet (Ligustrum) and ash (Fraxinus)
Main symptoms: Brown blotches and curled leaves.
Caused by: Caterpillar of a moth
Timing: June to September
What is lilac leaf mining moth?
Images of the adult can be found on the UK moths website (external link)
Nearly 900 insects, including some flies, beetles, moths and sawflies create leaf mines as larvae in Britain. More information about some for these insects can be found at The leaf and stem mines of British flies and other insect
The larvae initially cause a large blotch mine which soon goes brown and shrivels. Each mine is occupied by several caterpillars which later leave the mine and cause the leaf to become rolled up from the tip. The leaf roll is held in position by silken threads and the caterpillars complete their feeding inside. The caterpillars pupate in silken cocoons spun on the underside of the leaf and the second generation overwinter as pupae. This moth is part of the natural biodiversity the host plants can support.
There are two generations a year with leaf symptoms occurring in June and August to September.
Leaf damage from this moth is usually light and can be tolerated. Although the leaf mining may be considered unsightly, it is unlikely to affect the health or vigour of an established tree or shrub. Leaf miners can be part of a healthy balanced garden, most species will have natural enemies including parasitoid wasps. Birds such as blue tits can sometimes open mines to consume the larvae within.
If desired light populations on lilac trees can be dealt with by picking off and disposing of mined or rolled leaves, this can however, cause more damage than the leaf miner. On privet hedges damage is often trimmed out.
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