Holm oak leaf-mining moths
Holm oaks (Quercus ilex) are affected by several leaf mining insects. The most frequently seen are two species of moth; Holm oak blotch leaf-miner (Phyllonorycter messaniella) and Holm oak linear leaf-miner (Ectoedemia heringiella).
Scientific names: Phyllonorycter messaniella and Ectoedemia heringella
Plants affected: Holm oak (Quercus ilex)
Main symptoms: Brownish white blotches or wiggly linear mines in the foliage
Most active: All year
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