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Cytisus scoparius

common broom

C. scoparius is an erect deciduous shrub with slender green shoots bearing small, ternate leaves and axillary clusters of pea-like bright yellow flowers in late spring

Other common names
beesom
besom
see moregreen broom
Scotch broom
Scots broom
Synonyms
Genista scoparia
Spartium scoparium
see moreSarothamnus scoparius
Sarothamnus vulgaris

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Size
Ultimate height
1–1.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
1–1.5 metres
Growing conditions
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Well–drained
pH
Acid, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Yellow Green
Summer Green Black
Autumn Green
Winter
Position
  • Full sun
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Hardiness
H5
Botanical details
Family
Fabaceae
Native to the UK
Yes
Foliage
Deciduous
Habit
Columnar upright
Potentially harmful
All parts, especially the seeds, may cause mild stomach upset if ingested. Wear gloves and wash hands after handling
Genus

Cytisus can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs, ranging from prostrate to erect and almost tree-like, with small, simple or 3-parted leaves and pea-like flowers spring or summer

Name status

Correct

Plant range
Europe

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained soil in full sun; may become chlorotic on shallow chalk soils. Resents transplanting

Propagation

Propagate by seed or semi-ripe cuttings in late summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Gravel garden
  • Coastal
  • Flower borders and beds
Pruning

Pruning group 3. Do not cut into old wood

Pests

Generally pest free but may be affected by gall mites

Diseases

Generally disease free

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