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Dracaena fragrans

corn plant

An upright, evergreen, tropical shrub with cane-like stems and glossy, strap-shaped leaves to 40cm long. Its slender habit and tolerance of a range of conditions make it a popular houseplant

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Size
Ultimate height
1.5–2.5 metres
Time to ultimate height
2–5 years
Ultimate spread
0.1–0.5 metres
Growing conditions
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Green
Summer Green
Autumn Green
Winter Green
Position
  • Partial shade
  • Full sun
Aspect

East–facing or South–facing or West–facing or North–facing

Exposure
Sheltered
Hardiness
H1B
Botanical details
Family
Asparagaceae
Native to the UK
No
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Columnar upright
Genus

Dracaena are evergreen trees, the few branches bearing linear to lance-shaped leaves often crowded towards the tips; on mature plants, small greenish-white flowers may be followed by orange or red berries

Name status

Correct

Plant range
Tropical Africa

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How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in loam-based potting compost in full light with shade from hot sun. Water moderately in the growing season and apply a balanced liquid feed monthly; water sparingly in winter. Top dress or pot on in spring

Propagation

Propagate by sowing seed at 20°C in spring; root semi-ripe cuttings and leafless stem sections with bottom heat in summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Low Maintenance
  • Conservatory and greenhouse
Pruning

No pruning required, although weak stems may be shortened to 15cm in spring, and the resulting cutting used to propagate a new plant

Pests

May be susceptible to scale insects, glasshouse red spider mite, thrips and mealybugs

Diseases

Generally disease-free

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