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Juniperus communis

common juniper

J. communis is an evergreen dioecious shrub, varying from spreading to columnar or bushy in habit, with aromatic, needle-like grey-green leaves and small ovoid green fruits ripening to black

Other common names
juniper
Synonyms
Juniperus intermedia

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Size
Ultimate height
4–8 metres
Time to ultimate height
10–20 years
Ultimate spread
2.5–4 metres
Growing conditions
Chalk
Loam
Sand
Moisture
Moist but well–drained, Well–drained
pH
Acid, Alkaline, Neutral
Colour & scent
StemFlowerFoliageFruit
Spring Yellow Green Grey Silver
Summer Green Grey Silver
Autumn Green Grey Silver Black
Winter Green Grey Silver
Position
  • Full sun
  • Partial shade
Aspect

South–facing or West–facing or East–facing

Exposure
Exposed or Sheltered
Drought resistance
Yes
Hardiness
H7
Botanical details
Family
Cupressaceae
Native to the UK
Yes
Foliage
Evergreen
Habit
Bushy
Potentially harmful
Skin allergen, wear gloves and other protective equipment when handling
Genus

Juniperus can be prostrate or erect, evergreen shrubs or trees with aromatic, scale-like or sharply pointed awl-shaped leaves, and small globose fruits

Name status

Correct

Plant range
Temp. N. Hemisphere

How to grow

Cultivation

Grow in any well-drained soil including dry, chalky or sandy soils in full sun or light dappled shade. See conifer cultivation for further advice

Propagation

Propagate by seed or semi-ripe cuttings in early autumn

Suggested planting locations and garden types
  • Coastal
  • Cottage and informal garden
  • Wildlife gardens
  • Low Maintenance
Pruning

No pruning required

Pests

May be susceptible to aphids, juniper scale and caterpillars

Diseases

May be susceptible to phytophthora, canker and honey fungus. See also Conifers: brown patches

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