Woolly beech aphid

In some years, woolly beech aphid can be abundant and whilst its appearance is noticeable it is part of the biodiversity healthy beech trees support.

Woolly beech aphid
Woolly beech aphid

Quick facts

Common name Woolly beech aphid
Latin name Phyllaphis fagi
Plants affected Beech trees and hedges
Main symptoms Pale yellow aphids covered by white waxy 'fluff' clustered on the underside of the leaves. Foliage sticky with honeydew
Caused by A sap-sucking insect
Timing April-August

What is beech woolly aphid?

Woolly beech aphid can make the foliage of beech trees and hedges sticky with the honeydew it excretes but causes no long term harm and is part of the biodiversity healthy beech trees support. . 

Aphids are sap-sucking true bugs and are an important part of many food chains, supporting many predators. They range in size from 1 to 7mm (¼in or less) long. Some aphids are known as greenfly or blackfly, but there are species that are yellow, pink, white or mottled.  There are more than 500 aphid species in Britain. Some feed on only one or two plant species, but others can be found on a wide range of plant hosts. Almost any plant can be a host plant, including ornamentals, vegetables, fruits, greenhouse plants and houseplants.


Woolly beech aphid is quite distinctive;

  • In late spring, fluffy white patches appear on the underside of beech leaves
  • Under this waxy covering are pale yellow aphids (up to 2mm long) that are sucking sap from the foliage and young stems
  • The aphids excrete a sugary substance called honeydew that coats the upper leaf surface and makes the foliage sticky
  • A black sooty mould may develop on the honeydew
  • Woolly beech aphid does not occur on plants other than beech. The appearance of insects covered in white waxy material on other plants will be other species, such as woolly aphid on apples and pyracantha, scale insect egg masses or in glasshouses mealybug


Woolly beech aphid does not usually seriously affect the health of beech trees and hedges and control is not required. When large populations do occur this tends to be temporary and plants are not usually affected year after year. Using non-pesticidal methods can help reduce the likelihood of large populations of this aphid developing.

Non-pesticide control

  • Where possible tolerate populations of aphids, woolly beech aphid is unlikely to have any affect on the health of the trees. Aphids form an important part of many food chains and can be part of a healthy garden ecosystem
  • Encourage aphid predators in the garden, such as ladybirds, ground beetles, hoverflies, parasitoid wasps and earwigs. Be aware that in spring aphid populations often build up before natural enemies are active in sufficient numbers and then give good control

Pesticide control

Control with pesticides is unnecessary


Woolly beech aphid overwinters as eggs that are laid around buds and in bark crevices in autumn. The eggs hatch in spring a few weeks after new foliage has appeared.

The pale yellow aphids suck sap from the underside of leaves and can form dense colonies that are hidden under a white waxy fluff that is secreted by the aphids. They also excrete a sugary honeydew that makes the foliage sticky and encourages the growth of sooty moulds. Heavily affected leaves may be distorted but otherwise the tree’s growth is unaffected.

For most of spring and summer, the aphids are wingless forms that reproduce by producing live young. In mid-summer, winged forms develop that fly off in search of new host plants. These winged woolly beech aphids can be mistaken for glasshouse whitefly or woolly aphid, neither of which occur on beech.

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