• AGM plants

    AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

    • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
    • Available to buy
    • Of good constitution
    • Essentially stable in form & colour
    • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases

Rosa gallica var. officinalis (G)

old red damask

AGM plants

AGM plants have been through a rigorous trial and assessment programme. They are:

  • Excellent for ordinary use in appropriate conditions
  • Available to buy
  • Of good constitution
  • Essentially stable in form & colour
  • Reasonably resistant to pests & diseases
old red damask

© � RHS 1983

  • Other common names old red damask
    apothecary's rose

    official rose
    Provence rose
    red rose of Lancaster
    crimson damask rose

    see more
  • Synonyms Rosa officinalis
    Rosa apothecary's rose

    Rosa crimson damask
    Rosa red rose of Lancaster

    see more
  • Genus Rosa can be deciduous or semi-evergreen shrubs or scrambling climbers, with usually thorny stems bearing pinnate leaves and solitary or clustered, 5-petalled flowers followed by showy red or purple fruits

  • Family Rosaceae / Rosaceae

  • Details R. gallica var. officinalis is an erect, bushy small shrub with dull greyish-green foliage and profuse, highly fragrant, semi-double, light crimson flowers to 8cm in width in early summer. Small oval hips in autumn

  • Plant range C & S Europe

  • Horticultural Group Gallica roses are compact, prickly shrubs with dull green foliage and generally fragrant, single to double flowers in small clusters in mid-summer

Characteristics

  • Foliage Deciduous

  • Habit Bushy

  • Fragrance Flower

  • Hardiness

    Hardiness ratings

    All ratings refer to the UK growing conditions unless otherwise stated. Minimum temperature ranges (in degrees C) are shown in brackets

    • H1a - Under glass all year (>15C)
    • H1b - Can be grown outside in the summer (10 - 15)
    • H1c - Can be grown outside in the summer (5 - 10)
    • H2 - Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen (1 to 5)
    • H3 - Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK (-5 to 1)
    • H4 - Hardy through most of the UK (-10 to -5)
    • H5 - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (-15 to -10)
    • H6 - Hardy in all of UK and northern Europe (-20 to -15)
    • H7 - Hardy in the severest European continental climates (< -20)
    Old hardiness ratings

    While we update our systems with the new hardiness ratings you may still see old hardiness ratings in your search results. These are denoted as 'Old'.

    • H1 - Requires heated glass
    • H2 - Requires unheated glass
    • H3 - Hardy outside in some regions of the UK
    • H4 - Hardy throughout the UK
    • H1 + H3 - Requires heated glass but may be grown outside in summer

    For full details of the hardiness ratings see

    see more

    H7

Colour

Sunlight

  • Full Sun

  • Aspect South-facing or West-facing or East-facing

  • Exposure Exposed or Sheltered

Soil

  • Chalk

    Sand

  • Chalk

    Clay

  • Chalk

    Chalk

  • Chalk

    Loam

  • MoistureWell-drained, Moist but well-drained

  • SoilSand, Clay, Chalk, Loam

  • pHAcid, Alkaline, Neutral

Size

  • Ultimate height

    0.5-1 metres

  • Ultimate spread

    0.5-1 metres

  • Time to ultimate height

    2-5 years

How to grow

Cultivation 'Apothecarys Rose' of antiquity. Grow in full sun with fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. For best flowering apply a balanced fertiliser and mulch in late winter or early spring. Tolerant of poor soil and shade. Suitable for hedging and growing in containers

Propagation Propagate by hardwood cuttings in autumn or by budding in summer

Suggested planting locations and garden types Cut Flowers Flower borders and beds Hedging & Screens Cottage & Informal Garden Coastal Patio & Container Plants

How to care

Pruning Pruning group 23 (roses)

Pests Aphids, leafhoppers, glasshouse red spider mite, scale insects, caterpillars and rose leaf-rolling sawfly may be a problem. Rabbits and deer can cause damage

Diseases May be subject to black spot, rose rust, powdery mildews and a downy mildew

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