Jobs to do in February

Finish winter pruning and prepare for sowing

Tomato seedlingsAs long as the ground isn’t frozen, you can prepare seedbeds this month.  If it’s a new plot, test your soil before the season starts. It’s also your last chance to winter prune fruit.

Sowing and planting



Chitting early potatoes in egg boxes next to a windowPruning and training



  • Check netting is secure over brassicas to avoid pigeon damage.

  • Protect any outdoor almond, peach, apricot and nectarine blossom from frost on particularly cold nights with an old bedsheet or re-used fleece, but make sure insects can access the flowers for pollination.
  • Pick yellowing leaves off Brussels sprouts and other brassicas promptly, to prevent spread of grey mould and brassica downy mildew.

  • Remove any dead plant material from the previous growing season from the vegetable plot.

  • Clear weeds from under young/establishing fruit trees and bushes and apply a layer of organic matter mulch.
  • Check stored fruit and remove any showing signs of rot.

Spring cabbages protected from pigeons with nettingGeneral care


  • Untie trained/festooned fruit tree branches that have set into position. Check ties and staking on fruit trees and loosen or refasten where necessary.
  • Harvest citrus fruit when ready (once they have reached full size and developed a rich skin colour).

  • Cover outdoor, soil-grown strawberries with cloches for an earlier crop.

  • Tip back summer-fruiting raspberry canes to 15cm (6in) above their top support wire.

Ripe Citrus 'Juno' on a tree

Gardeners' calendar

Find out what to do this month with our gardeners' calendar

Advice from the RHS

Get involved

The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.