Cultivated blackberries are more productive and better behaved than their wild relatives, and can be trained in a variety of ways. Blackberries can ramble over arches, pergolas, trellis and along wires on walls and fences.

If you are short on space there are compact, thornless types of blackberry that will grow perfectly well in containers.


Jobs to do now

  • Dig over the soil to prepare for planting
  • Put up support wires on a wall or fence
  • Plant new canes and apply mulch around plants

Month by month


Top-dress blackberries with 100g per sq m (4oz per sq yard) of general-purpose fertiliser in mid-spring and cover with a 7cm (3in) organic mulch annually. Make sure the mulch is placed 5cm (2in) away from the new canes and the crown to prevent rotting.

Water young plants every 7-10 days during dry spells. While mature plants shouldn’t need extra watering, their fruit size will benefit from watering every 10-14 days if the summer is particularly dry.

Pruning and training

Blackberries are vigorous and need regular pruning and training. Regularly tie in the shoots of newly-planted canes. Once these reach their first winter, cut back all sideshoots produced on these main canes to 5cm (2in). It is mainly from the resulting fruiting spurs that flowers are formed.

In the second year after planting the crown will throw up new canes from ground level. Loosely bundle these together; insert four bamboo canes in a square vertically around the crown and pull the new canes into the centre; then tie some sturdy twine around the square to hold the new canes in place.

Remove the one-year-old canes once they have fruited by pruning them into shorter sections with loppers, then extracting them carefully to prevent their thorns snagging on new canes. Then untie the twine around the new canes and train them along the wires.


Blackberries can tolerate light shade, but they will be more productive in a sunny, sheltered site. They prefer moisture-retentive, but free-draining soil. If you have chalky, sandy, or heavy clay soil, improve with plenty of bulky organic matter (two bucketfuls per sq m) before planting.

They are usually bought as container-grown plants. A single plant can be incredibly productive, but if you plant more make sure they have plenty of room. Spacing depends on the vigour of the cultivar, ranging from 2.5m (8ft) to 4.5m (13ft) apart. When planting, cover the rootball with about 8cm (3in) of soil.

Vigorous cultivars need a sturdy support system. Use a wall or fence, 1.5-2m (5ft - 6ft 6in) high, with horizontal wires spaced 45cm (18in) apart, with the lowest wire 23cm (9in) from the ground. Alternatively, run the wires between two strong vertical posts.

After planting cut down all canes to a healthy bud. This may seem drastic, but it will ensure plants throw up lots of vigorous, healthy shoots in spring.

Common problems


Birds, especially pigeons, can cause an array of problems including eating seedlings, buds, leaves, fruit and vegetables.


Protect the plants from birds by covering them with netting or fleece. Scarecrows and bird-scaring mechanisms work for a while, but the most reliable method of protection is to cover plants with horticultural fleece or mesh.

More info on Birds


The jumping, light green insects, roughly 3mm (18in) long, may occur on plants in sheltered sites, causing white flecking on the leaves.


Control measures are not necessary.

More info on Leafhoppers


The fruit starts to ripen from mid-summer onwards. They are best picked as soon as they are ripe, and then either eaten fresh, frozen or used in jams, jellies and other cooking.


Mary Berry suggests this light fruit pear and blackberry dessert after a heavy main course.


‘Loch Ness’ AGM:One of the most widely grown blackberries which has thornless canes and bears masses of large, glossy, well-flavoured berries.

‘Loch Tay’ AGM:A widely grown blackberry which has upright thornless canes. The berries are of medium size but are full of flavour.

Buy now

Get involved

The Royal Horticultural Society is the UK’s leading gardening charity. We aim to enrich everyone’s life through plants, and make the UK a greener and more beautiful place.